The National War Memorial is one such memorial that has been built in the area near the India Gate of New Delhi to honor its armed forces. You all know that during Indira Gandhiji’s tenure, Amar Jyoti was lit near India Gate to pay tribute to the martyred soldiers, which keeps on burning for 24 hours.
And now this memorial has been built in honor of those martyrs near India Gate. It is inaugurated by the Prime Minister of the country, Narendra Modi in February 2019. Get the complete information about the features and details of this memorial through our article.
Important information of National War Memorial
No. Information Points Information
- Memorial Name National War Memorial
- Memorial Inaugration Date February 25, 2019
- Memorial Inaugurated By By Prime Minister Narendra Modi
- Total Martyrs Name 25,942 martyrs
- Memorial Location India Gate Circle, New Delhi, India
- Architect Yogesh Chandrahasan, VB Design Lab, Chennai
- Total Cost 176 crores
- Total Area 40 acres
History of National War Memorial
The history of the National War Memorial can be understood on the basis of the following years – In the year 1960: – The first thing about the National War Memorial started in 1960 when the armed forces of our country requested the government to build a memorial to commemorate the soldiers who laid down their lives in a war. However, this project was not taken seriously during that time.
In the year 2006: Again in 2006, after constant demand, the UPA government formed a committee to consider and investigate the demands of the armed forces, headed by Pranab Mukherjee. In 2006, the Ministry of Defense had decided that the war memorial should be established around India Gate. But the Ministry of Urban Development rejected it, calling the area a heritage area.
In the year 2012: On completion of 50 years of the soldiers killed during the war in 1962, in October 2012, the UPA Government accepted the long-standing demand of the Indian Armed Forces and allowed the construction of the National War Memorial. Granted, However, this decision was also strongly opposed at that time.
In the year 2015: After the Lok Sabha elections in 2014, Narendra Modi’s tenure started. He allowed the construction of the memorial and museum building near India Gate in 2015, and also honored the sacrifices of soldiers who were martyred during many wars.
In the year 2016: – This year, for the design of this war memorial and war museum, a worldwide competition was organized, which was launched through the portal MyGov.in.
In the year 2017: – The result of this competition came in the year 2017. In which SP Plus, a Mumbai-based studio, won the design for the battlefield, while the Chennai-based Web Design Lab’s design was declared the winner for the war memorial. After the design final, its construction started in the same year.
In this way, the history of this war memorial is very old, whose construction work has now been completed.
National War Memorial Inaugration Program
In 2018, this monument was to be inaugurated, but its construction was not completed by then. Its construction work was completed in January 2019, but the work of the war museum is not completed yet.
Nevertheless, the inauguration ceremony of this memorial was held on 25 February 2019, in which Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated it. Defense Minister Nirmala Sitharaman and the Chiefs of Air Force, Navy and Army were also involved in this ceremony. During this ceremony
Modi also met the family members for the Param Vir Chakra Awards, the highest bravery award in the National Award of India.
Specification of The National War Memorial
Built near India Gate, the monument, which is also called the All India War Memorial, pays homage to those soldiers who Sun 1962 Sino-Indian War, Sun 1947, 1965, 1971 Indo-Pak war and Sun Kargil conflict of 1999 And sacrificed his life in India’s peacekeeping operation in Sri Lanka.
A memorial pillar has been built in this memorial, in which an infinite flame is burning. This flame will light up in the same way as the Amar Jawan Jyoti is being lit near India Gate since 1971, i.e. this infinite flame will continue to burn for 24 hours. Which will show that the sacrifices of the soldiers will always be remembered by the citizens of India?
The height of this memorial column is 15.5 meters, which is displayed remotely before entering the circle of the monument.
This memorial has been constructed as 4 circles, like the ancient Indian war ‘Chakravyu’ structure, these four chakras reflect different values of the armed forces. Its first cycle is called the Amar Chakra.
It has been made a second circle, which is called the circle of valor. It is made with 6 bronze murals depicting various war actions. Each Mural weighs between 600 and 1000 kg. It can also be said that information about 6 important wars in India has been given in this cycle.
After this, the third chakra renunciation cycle has been made, which is completely made of 16 such 2 meters long walls of granite bricks. The names of all the soldiers who have been martyred since independence in each brick have been written.
Currently, these walls contain the names of 25,942 martyrs. However, more names can also be added to it.
After this, the last Chakra Raksha Chakra has been made, which surrounds these three chakras. More than 600 trees have been planted in this cycle. Which are displayed like a wall? These three walls represent the soldiers who protect the country.
India Gate built by Britisher ( India Gate is Made by Britisher, History)
The most historic monuments of India are India Gate, which is located at the very center of the country’s capital. Its construction was started in 1921 by the British soldier Edwin Lutyens. The foundation of which was laid on 10 February 1921.
It was built by the British to pay tribute to the 82,000 Indian soldiers who died fighting for the British Empire in World War I and the Third Anglo-Afghan War. The construction of India Gate was completed in 10 years, and it was inaugurated on 12 February 1931.
National War Memorial interesting facts:-
Here the names of the martyrs, Mural Chitra as well as the idols of the martyrs who got Paramvir Chakra, have also been installed.
Artificial lighting has been installed around this historical monument, it is displayed amazingly during the night. Along with this, there is also a working plaza.
People will not have to pay any fee for going to this National War Memorial. It is completely free.
This war memorial can be entered any day of the week. It is open seven days a week. Its opening time is from 9 am to 7:30 pm in the month of March to October. Whereas in November to March it will be open from 9 am to 6:30 pm.
A war museum is also being constructed in a Princess Park area near this monument. This war museum will be connected by the metro to the National War Memorial. A total cost of Rs 500 crore has been spent by including this war memorial and war museum.
In the competition organized for the design of this memorial and museum, a total of 427 presentations were received for the war memorial, while 268 presentations were made for the war museum.
Every evening in this memorial, it is decided to salute all the martyrs with the military band, which is called the Retreat Ceremony. Also, on the last day of the week i.e. on Sunday, the Change of Guard Ceremony will also be shown.
Other Attractive Tourist Attraction Nearby
India Gate: – It is the most famous war memorial of India, and it was also built in the memory of the soldiers who were martyred. Which is a very historical and tourist destination of Delhi.
Rashtrapati Bhavan: – Another famous tourist place is Rashtrapati Bhavan (Mughal garden opening date ), which is 2 kilometers from India Gate. Here you can also travel inside the buildings with special permits.
Rajpath: – Rajpath was initially known as Kingsway, it is the formal main road between India Gate and Rashtrapati Bhavan. The Republic Day parade takes place on this route.
Humayun’s Tomb: – This tomb was built by Beya Begum, wife of Mughal ruler Humayun. Which is called UNESCO World Heritage Site and Monument.
Maharaja Agrasen’s Baoli: – Maharaja Agrasen’s Baoli is also another tourist spot located near this monument, which has become popular after being a part of many Bollywood films.
There are many rough stories about its origin and powers, which can be verified only by going here.
In this way, this memorial has been built to remember and pay tribute to the sacrifices given by the martyrs, which is a matter of pride for the people of every country.
F & Q
Is there any ticket for War Memorial?
the National War Memorial entry fee is free. You can visit National war Memorial from 9 to 6.30 Nov. to March and from 9 to 7.30 from April to Oct.
Where is National war memorial situated?
Nearest metro stations to national war memorial Delhi.
Mandi House metro station